TOWARF is a proud part of Canada’s Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR) system. Marine Search and Rescue comprises the search for, and provision of aid
to, persons, ships or other craft which are, or are feared to be, in distress or imminent danger on the water. Western
Lake Ontario is served by a network of organizations that work together with the common goal of saving lives at
Part of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, the Canadian Coast Guard is the principal civilian maritime operational arm of the Government of Canada. The Coast Guard is the
provider of the primary maritime SAR response. The Canadian Coast Guard Search and Rescue vessel
CCGC Cape Storm is currently assigned to the Coast Guard Station in Port Weller. The vessel is classed as a Multi-Task Medium Endurance
Lifeboat. It is 47 feet in length with twin diesel engines, and can reach a speed of 25 knots for rapid deployment from home
port to search and rescue areas. The vessel maintains a full crew complement and provides search and rescue coverage 24 hours
per day, 7 days per week during the operational season. Cape Storm provides leadership to TOWARF during significant SAR
incidents. Training, media events and boat shows also bring TOWARF and Cape Storm crews together several
times each season.
The Department of National Defence delivers primary air SAR services for both air and maritime incidents, and provides a high level of secondary SAR
support from its aircraft. From its base at CFB Trenton, 424 (Tiger) Squadron provides SAR services to the Central and Arctic region, including Western Lake Ontario. To fulfill its roles,
424 Squadron flies the CH-146 Griffon helicopter (temporarily replacing the CH-149 Cormorant) and the Lockheed CC-130 Hercules. They can search a large area in a short time dramatically speeding a search. They also carry SAR Techs who are highly trained specialists who provide on-scene medical attention and rescue for aviators, mariners and others
in distress in remote or hard to reach areas. They are trained in advanced trauma life-support, land and sea survival, rescue
techniques from helicopters, parachuting, diving, mountain climbing and rappelling. TOWARF practices deployment of SAR Techs
from a helicopter to the Rescue Boat deck. In significant SAR incidents TOWARF participates in searches involving the CH-146
or CC-130 aircraft.
The Joint Rescue Coordination Centre (JRCC) Trenton is responsible for the coordination of all SAR operations associated with aircraft and marine emergencies in the
Central and Arctic Region which covers more than seven million square kilometres from the B.C. - Alberta
border to the North Pole and Quebec City. Authority for
the control of Search and Rescue is vested in the Minister of National Defence. The Canadian Coast Guard is responsible
to provide personnel, equipment, and infrastructure to ensure marine SAR services are provided. The Search
and Rescue Mission Coordinator (SMC) is the official temporarily assigned at JRCC to coordinate response to an actual
or apparent distress situation. An On Scene Coordinator (OSC) may be designated by the SMC for
local coordination of a specific search and rescue operation. All TOWARF SAR assignments (taskings) originate from JRCC.
TOWARF reports to JRCC Trenton about the progress and outcome of taskings. TOWARF keeps JRCC Trenton informed about its operational
status. TOWARF is available to JRCC Trenton 24/7 through a telephone and pager system.
The Canadian Mission Control Centre (CMCC) for the COSPAS/SARSAT system is also located at CFB Trenton. COSPAS/SARSAT is the international satellite system for search and rescue. CMCC
is Canada's ground station for receiving distress signals picked up by satellite from Emergency Locator Transmitters
(ELTs), Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons (EPIRBs) and Personal Locator Beacons (PLBs). If an aircraft, vessel or
individual is in distress, the signal is picked up by an overhead satellite and then relayed to the CMCC and on to the
appropriate Rescue Coordination Centre or, in the case of PLB activation, to provincial authorities.
Prescott Marine Communications and Traffic Service provides distress and safety communications and coordination to detect distress situations, ensure timely assistance
and savings of lives. They provide continuous monitoring of international distress and calling
frequencies to detect distress situations and ensure speedy resolution of SAR incidents. Prescott Coast Guard Radio has a
service area covering the upper St Laurence, the Canadian side of Lake Ontario, Eastern Lake Erie and Lake Simcoe. TOWARF
is in regular daily contact with Prescott. Prescott is the VHF marine radio communications link for TOWARF to JRCC Trenton
for instructions and reports regarding taskings. Monitoring Prescott on marine radio channel 16 alerts TOWARF to developing
The Halton Regional Police Service (HRPS) Marine Unit provides year round law enforcement and search and rescue service to the waters
of Lake Ontario including Oakville, Burlington. The unit also responds to inland reservoirs and creeks. The unit has a
39 ft Hike patrol vessel, 26 ft Boston Whaler patrol vessel, a 17ft patrol vessel. Marine unit officers are trained in a wide
variety of skills. Officers patrol the waterfront to promote boating safety, enforce various laws relating to boating including
the Canada Shipping Act, Liquor License Act, Criminal Code of Canada and local bylaws. The Unit takes an active
role in providing SAR services. TOWARF works with the HRPS Marine Unit in both significant and more routine
marine incidents. TOWARF and the Marine Unit have a mutual assistance plan and conduct joint training exercises. TOWARF
reports its operational status to the HRPS dispatch and is available to them 24/7 via a telephone and pager system. TOWARF
is also on call to the Oakville Fire Department dispatch. Use of the Halton Region trunked radio system allows direct communication
from the Rescue Boat and TOWARF Headquarters to the Marine Unit, fire and police services. Other police marine units
with jurisdictions in Western Lake Ontario are Hamilton Police Service, Peel Regional Police and Niagara Regional Police Service Marine Units.
The Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary is an organization established by the Canadian Coast Guard in 1978. Made up of dedicated volunteers who assist the
Coast Guard in marine search and rescue operations and prevention, the Auxiliary enhances Canada's SAR capability. CCGA vessels
conduct over 1,800 rescue missions each year. They contribute to more than 25% of all marine call-outs in Canada and save
an average of 200 lives each year. In Western Lake Ontario, in addition to TOWARF, there are a number of CCGA units including
Hamilton Beach Rescue Unit (HBRU) and Grimsby Auxiliary Marine Rescue Unit (GAMRU). The numbers vary, but TOWARF annually responds to about 50 SAR taskings. While most taskings are
for routine equipment or fuel problems, several each year involve lives being at risk.
Together with the Peel Regional Police Service and the Metropolitan Toronto Police Service
marine units, GAMRU and HBRU, TOWARF is a partner in HOTT – the Human Organ Tissue Transfer program. HOTT is
designed to speed organ transfer from Hamilton to Toronto by water during periods of highway congestion. TOWARF
can be tasked by JRCC Trenton for a HOTT call.